With proposals going back and forth, it can be difficult to keep track of where each side stands in collective bargaining between MLB and the Players Association. We’ll keep this post updated so you can use it as a reference.
Last Proposal From MLB: 3-10-22
Last Proposal From MLBPA: 3-9-22
Next Up: MLBPA reviewing counteroffer from MLB. MLB included 3pm EST deadline
Here’s where each side stands on the key issues, as far as we know.
- MLB: $700K in 2022 / $715K in 2023 / $730K in 2024 / $750K in 2025 / $780K in 2026
- MLBPA: $710K in 2022 increasing to $780K in 2026
- Current gap: $10K in 2022, dropping to zero gap in 2026
Competitive Balance Tax
- MLB: Base tax thresholds at $230MM in 2022 / $232MM in 2023 / $236MM in 2024 / $240MM in 2025 / $244MM in 2026. Pre-arbitration pool of $1.66MM per team would presumably count against the CBT. Also seeking to add a new, fourth surcharge level to the CBT, with an unknown tax rate. For example, MLB’s tiers for 2022 would be at $230MM, $250MM, $270MM, and $290MM with tax rates on the overages presumably increasing at each level. Unclear whether tax rates increase for repeat offenders, as in the previous CBA.
- MLBPA: $232MM in 2022 / $235MM in 2023 / $240MM in 2024 / $245MM in 2025 / $250MM in 2026.
- Current gap: $2MM in 2022, growing to $6MM in 2026. There also may be debate over what forms of spending count toward the CBT.
Draft Pick Compensation
The two sides have agreed that if an international draft agreement is reached by 7-25-22, the qualifying offer system and the associated draft-pick compensation will be eliminated. If the two sides do not reach a deal on the international draft by the deadline, the qualifying offer system will remain in place.
Pre-Arbitration Bonus Pool
- MLB: $50MM pool with no increases throughout the CBA
- MLBPA: $65MM pool, assumed to include $5MM annual increases throughout the CBA
- Current gap: $15MM in 2022, growing to $35MM by 2026
Super Two is expected to remain at the top 22% of 2+ players.
Service Time Manipulation
- MLB: Offering three draft picks within the player’s first three years if he finishes well in awards voting. A player finishing first or second in Rookie of the Year voting would receive a full year of service time.
- MLBPA: Players receive a full year of service time in their rookie season if infielders, catchers, and designated hitters finish among the top five for their position in WAR in each league, with outfielders, relief pitchers and starting pitchers finishing among the top 15, per Evan Drellich of The Athletic. “The union also said it would accept a modification of MLB’s proposal that would reward draft pick compensation to teams whose players finish among the top three in the Rookie of the Year, MVP and Cy Young voting.” (per USA Today’s Bob Nightengale on 2-1-22)
- MLB: Lottery for top six picks. According to Evan Drellich, “Small markets can pick in draft lottery for two straight years before sliding to 10th pick. Large markets can pick only one year in lottery before going to 10th.”
- MLBPA: Lottery for top six picks. All teams that did not qualify for the postseason in the preceding season would be part of this lottery. So in a 12-team playoff field, 18 teams would have a chance at the #1 pick. In the MLBPA’s proposal, the odds for the #1 overall pick would be as follows:
- Team 1: 15% (the team with the worst record in baseball)
- Team 2: 15% (the team with the second-worst record in baseball)
- Team 3: 15%
- Team 4: 12.5%
- Team 5: 10%
- Team 6: 8%
- Team 7: 6.5%
- Team 8: 5%
- Team 9: 3.25%
- Team 10: 2.25%
- Team 11: 1.5%
- Team 12: 1.25%
- Team 13: 1.12%
- Team 14: 1%
- Team 15: 0.88%
- Team 16: 0.75%
- Team 17: 0.625%
- Team 18: 0.375%
These odds would be adjusted as each of the first seven picks are given out via this lottery system. After those seven lottery picks are assigned, the remaining non-playoff teams would be assigned picks in the reverse order of winning percentage.
The MLBPA is also proposing competitiveness adjustments. Revenue sharing payors that finish in the bottom eight in winning percentage in each of the two previous seasons or in the bottom 12 in each of the three previous seasons would pick no earlier than 10th. Additionally, any team that does not receive revenue sharing that finishes in the bottom 12 in each of the four or more previous seasons would have their pick moved to #18.
Also, beginning with the 2024 draft, any revenue sharing recipient finishing in the bottom eight in each of the three previous seasons would pick no earlier than 10th. Any such club in the bottom eight in each of the four or more previous seasons would have their pick moved to #18.
The two sides have agreed to move the Oakland Athletics back to a revenue sharing recipient. It seems the MLBPA still has requests with regard to revenue sharing.
- MLB: 12-team playoffs
- MLBPA: 12-team playoffs
The two sides have agreed to uniform patches and helmet decals.
The two parties have set a July 25 deadline to determine the specifics of an international draft that would go into effect beginning in 2024. If a deal on the draft is reached by that point, the qualifying offer system and the associated draft-pick compensation will be eliminated. If the two sides do not reach a deal on the draft, the qualifying offer system will remain in place and the current international amateur free-agent structure will remain in place. Possible details of MLB’s international draft plan can be found here and here, but specifics will remain subject to negotiation up until the deadline.
The size of the amateur draft pools remains unsettled, among other related issues.
Minor League Options
The two sides have agreed to limit the number of times a player can be optioned to the minors in one season to five.
- MLB: Seeking ability to implement any on-field rule changes 45 days after formally proposing them to players. MLB seeks a pitch clock, bigger bases, and the elimination of the shift for the 2023 season.
- MLBPA: “Would grant MLB ability to implement 3 specific on-field changes w/45-day notice, starting w/2023 season: pitch clock, larger bases, shift restriction,” according to Evan Drellich.
Universal Designated Hitter
This seems to be generally agreed upon by both sides.
MLBPA’s 2018 Grievance
In February 2018, the MLBPA filed a grievance against the A’s, Marlins, Pirates, and Rays for failing to comply with the rules for spending revenue sharing money. MLB wants this grievance dropped.